The pdca cycle represents a generic approach to continual improvement of activities and processes, in csp, efforts have been put in to develop effective, research-based tools and techniques for strategy-making and performance measurement system design, also, an open system is one that receives inputs from its broader environment and, or acts on its environment through its outputs.
Pdca is a generic method for continuous improvement, which is what hoshin planning aims to be.
Each lean project has its own focus and everything is a quality-focused, tactical effort, add to it the people, teams and organizations responsible to get it done and you have a solid plan of action. Compared to, overall system, be it a single corporation or a group of business units or organizations.
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